Monday, 31 October 2011

Montessori Phonics - Introduction To Single Letter Sound /m/

*NOTE : In all these lessons, letters of the alphabet are not introduced.*


FOR 18MTHS - 3YRS OLD



Introduction To Single Letter Sounds > Lesson 4

Recap : "Last week, we learnt the sounds of these letters."

Show sandpaper letter card /c/, /f/ and /i/.

Recap lessons. Show the sandpaper letter cards.

"This letter makes the sound..... ?" Pause.....
and wait if there is any response from the child(ren).
If not, then continue.... "This letter makes the sound
/c/ or /f/ or /i/."....... depending on the card you use.
You may also show the child(ren) the objects that has
been used to date. This part though is optional. :wink:
Most important here is to know if your child knows all
the sounds he/she has been introduced to. You may
prompt your child if he/she has difficulty remembering.
However that said, it means that more reinforcements
have to be carried out with the previous letter sounds,
which in this case is /c/, /f/ and /i/. Add on or change
the objects which have been used thus far.

Introduction to the sound /m/

"Today, we're going to learn a new sound."

"This letter makes the sound /m/."

Show child(ren) the letter card.

Image

Click here to hear the letter sound/m/

"This is how I write/trace /m/."

Slowly show the child(ren) to use pointer and tall man
together to trace the letter..... beginning from the left
upright line - top to bottom.....


Image


... move the fingers back up and move right towards
the first curve downwards...


Image


... then back up again at the centre to finish off the last curve.....
The tracing should end at the bottom right of the letter m. :wink:


Image


Would you like to try?
Invite child(ren) to trace the sandpaper letter.

The objectives of the sandpaper letters are to develop a
muscular impression of the letter shapes and to associate
the sounds with the shapes. This also helps to develop a
visual impression and to learn the writing direction of the
letter shapes. ie. left to right.... top to bottom.

Trace the letter again and say to the child...
"/m/ as in mirror."


Image


"Would you like to hold the mirror?"

Pass the mirror to the child. If you
are working with more than 1 child,
ask the first child to pass the object
to the next child beside him/her till
everyone has had a chance. Though
the teacher or the parent can pass
around the item to the others, this
practice helps to promote turn-taking
and patience amongst children. :D

"/m/ as in money."

"Would you like to count the money?"


Image


"/m/ as in microscope."


Image


You may engage the children in small
talk on the use of the microscope to
view microbiological specimens at
high power magnification. I got mine
free with a kids' meal from Burger
King. :wink:

End of 1st period.

2nd period. Show me....

RECAP :
For Period 2 in the 3-Period Lesson, show all the three
objects you've introduced all at the same time. In this
period, you are to observe how much of Period 1 has
been retained in your child's mind.. Place all objects
on a mat and ask the child to show/point to the object
that you ask for.

"Can you show me the money?"

"Can you show me the microscope?

"Can you show me the mirror?

Make extra emphasis on the mmmmmm sound.

In this period, the child is not required to say
out the names of the objects. He/She is simply
encouraged to point to the objects upon being
prompted with the object name.

Now for the last period in the 3-period lesson...

In this period, the child is now asked to say out the
letter sound and be able to say the names of the
objects that have been introduced.

Show each object in isolation in Period 3.
ie. show objects one at a time.

You : Can you tell me what this is...?
Child : microscope

You: Can you tell me what this is...?
Child : mirror

You: Can you tell me what this is...?
Child : money

Then, conclude the lesson before putting the stuff away.

Today, we have learnt...
(Simultaneously showing the child the sandpaper letter)

"... /m/ as in mirror.... /m/ as in money.... and /m/ as
in microscope.... We'll learn another sound tomorrow/
on another day... I will place this material on this shelf,
so you may work with it when you feel like it."

It is always good to invite the child to help keep the
materials. It helps the child(ren) remember how the
material should be kept and where it is placed.

This part is always important, which i always try to
reinforce to parents of my students..... constantly
remember that if your child(ren) did not get any
of the steps right at any point of the 3-Period lesson,
please come back to the lesson again. Practice makes
perfect. Repetition gives children confidence and offers
silent encouragement that they do not necessarily have
to get it right the first time around. :wink:

3-Period Lesson Recap!

1st Period : Introduce letter sound & show objects in
isolation. ie. one at a time.

2nd Period : Display all the objects all at once and ask
child to show you, one at a time..

3rd Period : Ask the child to tell you the names of the
objects that you in isolation.. Then recap all the names
and the letter sound taught for the day.

“It is the child who makes the man, and no man exists who was not made by the child he once was.” [Dr Maria Montessori]

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